Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production. Sugarcane, peanuts, tea, tobacco, rubber, jute and bluish dogbane are Fujian's major cash crops. Orange, longan, lichi, pineapple, loquat and banana are the six famous fruits of Fujian. Its industries of building materials, forest, light industry, electronics, chemical, machinery, and papermaking occupy important places in the country.
Fujian is blessed with a rich history, famous historical sites and beautiful natural landscapes, making it a unique tourist attraction. Its numerous tourist attractions include mountains, rivers and well-known cities. Quanzhou, one of China's famous historic and cultural ancient cities, is a human and scenic spot approved by the UNESCO; Xiamen, known as the "Garden on the Sea", is a picturesque special economic zone; Wuyi Mountain, inscribed on the World Heritage List, is famous for its peaks and Wuyi tea; the Kaiyuan Temple in Quanzhou, the Yongquan Temple in Fuzhou, the Guanghua Temple in Putian and the Nanshan Temple in Zhangzhou are the four famous grand ancient temples in Fujian. In addition, there are historical relics left behind by Zhu Xi and Zheng Chenggong.
Fujian has the highest elevation among the coastal provinces, its mountains and hills 90 per cent of its total land mass. The general outline of its topography is a staircase descending from the northwest to the southeast seaboard. Its principal mountains run in a northeast-southwest direction. The Wuyi Mountains straddle the Fujian-Jiangxi border in the west. Most of the ranges in its central part run parallel with each other, including the Jiufeng, Daiyun and Bopingling mountains. There are long, narrow plains along the coast. Its rugged, 3,300-kilometre-long coastline has many harbors and offshore islands, the better-known being Pingtan, Xiamen, Dongshan, Jinmen and Mazu.
Fujian‘s rivers flow short distances--each with its own outlet to the sea--through the mountains where there are treacherous gorges and rapids. Among its numerous rivers, the better-known are the Minjiang, Jiulong, Jinjiang and Tingjiang. The Minjiang, the largest of them all, drains half of the province‘s land.
Fujian has a sub-tropical climate, warm and humid, with no distinctive difference between seasons. It has a mean annual temperature of 17oC-21oC, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,200-2,200 mm. Typhoons occur frequently from May to November.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 9 prefecture-level cities, 14 county-level cities and 46 counties, with a population of 34.71 million by 2000.
Min Cuisine (Fujian Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China, emphasizing seafood, river fish, and shrimp. The most characteristic aspect of Fujian Cuisine is that its dishes are served in soup.
Pear Orchard Opera, Puppet Show, etc.
Special Local Products
The main traditional specialties are the Oolong Tea, orange of Zhangzhou, longan of Jinjiang, lacquer ware of Fuzhou, porcelain of Dehua, stone carving of Shoushan and woodcarving of Quanzhou.