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Gutian Meeting Sites

Fujian Province is a famous old revolutionary base of China. Many proletarian revolutionaries of the older generation such as Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping left their working and fighting traces here, and it was also here that they took part in or witnessed a series of significant historical events to decide and influence the fate of Chinese revolution. For example, "A little spark kindles a great fire." written by Mao Zedong at Xiecheng Store of Gutian Laifang in January 1930, symbolized the preliminary formation of the theory of Chinese Revolutionary Road. The people of Fujian made great sacrifice and contribution to the victory of Chinese revolutionary.  
1. The Site of Provincial Soviet Government in Changting
It is located at Chengguan of Changting County and oriented south and north. On March 18 of the 21st year of the Republic (1932), First Congress of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers of Fujian Province was held here, and Fujian Soviet Government was established. After the meeting, the government office of the Provincial Soviet settled down here. In 1988, it was among the third batch of selected national cultural relic protection units publicized by the State Council, and it has now turned to be "Changting Museum of Revolutionary History". 

2. Yunxiang Pavilion
Located on Wushi Mountain of Changting County, Longyan City, built in Song Dynasty, and standing along the river, the Pavilion is high up in the air like a proud horse galloping in the sky, hence the name Yunxiang (Horse galloping in the sky) Pavilion. It is two-storied and of primitive simplicity. In March 1929, the Fourth Red Army convened here its Congress of Workers, Peasants and Soldiers, and established No.1 County-level Red political power of the Central Soviet Area. In 1988, it was listed among selected national cultural relic protection units.  

3. Gospel Hospital
Gospel Hospital was originally a British mission hospital. After Nanchang Uprising (August lst,1927) director of Gospel Hospital Fu Lianzhang treated over the sick and wounded of the army of Nanchang Uprising and the Red Army. Mao Zedong, Chen Geng, Xu Teli, Zhou Yisu, Wu Xiuquan, He Zizhen etc had been treated and recuperated in the sanatorium of Gospel Hospital. In 1988, it was among the publicized third batch selected national cultural relic protection units. 

4. Xingeng Villa
On March 14, 1929, Mao Zedong and Zhu De led the Fourth Red Army to come to Fujian for the first time and liberated Changting City. It was here that their headquarters and political department were located. Comrade Mao Zedong and Zhu De lived here, too. Oriented north and south and covering an area of 523 square meters, it is a village house with courtyards and civil structure and it was among the third batch selected national cultural relic protection units.  

5. The site of Shanghang Gutian Meeting
The site of Gutian Meeting is located at the foot of Shexia Mountain of Gutian Town, Shanghang County, Longyan City. It was an ancestral hall built in 1848 at the end of Qing Dynasty. On Dec 28 and 29 of 1929, the ninth congress of the Fourth Red Army of CCP was held here. The resolution of Gutian Meeting was a programmatic document to guide the construction of CCP and the Red Army, and it played an important role in the construction of the Party and the Army.