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Caves of Nepal

The topography of Nepal is a resumption of assembles going along the east ¨Cwest axis. To the south is the Terai, a flat tropical land. From the Terai, the land ascends up trend to the Mahabharat mountain range with peaks of up to 4877m. This is to result ley the wide row of the Central Hills, an undulating mountain area which builds up to the snow ¨Ccovered Great Himalayan range. Great Himalayan summits shape the northern boundary of Nepal in the east towards the west. Nepal extends beyond the Great Himalayan range to the Trans-Himalayan area which is part of barren plateau. This impressive complex and vaned features involve the basis of attraction in indefinite variety in Nepal.

Nepal provides an opportunity to live visitor??s dreams, enriches sense of arts and culture by exploring a land with a rich religion and culture. So the Caves of Nepal ripple with deep penetration, exposing the record of the different geological and mineralogical eras. These caves offer a place to discover man??s most ancient colours, hidden away for ages in the vast mountains deep beneath variety of wonders. Nepal has many caves. Knowledge of these caves date recently as cow heards and hunters accidentally discovered caves while engaging in their works of grazing cattle and following wild animals for hunting. Simple exploration of these caves have discovered internal passages. So additional survey by professional people may bring many more marvels awaiting discovery. The sooner is better. Need of the hour is to explore fully these caves and inventory to be prepared protected with a view of protecting unique mineralogical, geological and touristic interests. Among the infinite number of caves in Nepal firstly attractive and beautiful is Chamero odar or Mahendra Gufa in Pokhara.

Pokhara is the best resort areas in Nepal which lies some 200 kms west of Kathmnadu. It is a pleasant and bewitching circular valley with sublime natural beauty, clean water lakes placed natural surrounding towering and glistening Himalayan peaks in the north and the clean water lakes and other wonders make Pokhara a rich natural resort area. Short hikes render visitor to the site of Mahendra Gufa ¨Climestone Caves near the village of Batulechour a two hours walk from the Pokhara city. Mahendra Gufa named after the late King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev consists two kilometer is bifurcated at one point leading to two dark holes, the limestone walk of which bear innumerable stalagmites and stalactites. This cave has an icicle ¨Clike pendant of calcium carbonate formed by evaporation of water percolating through lime stone on a roof and also an upward growing conical formation on the floor formed by the lick from the roof.

Similarly other caves in the western region of Nepal like Gupteswar Gufa in Kusma which is 457 in long, Pandusera Gufa in Sinja, Dhara Village in Jumla. Jumla is in the mid-western region of Nepal. The mid-western region of Nepal stretches from Chure Himal and Rapti river in the east to Karnali river in the west. It embraces trans ¨CHimalayan regions of Dolpa, Mugu and Jumla in the north to the Terai??s fertile valleys of Dang and Rapti in the south. There is an interesting cave in Jumla at Dhara Village and it is a cave containing many kinds of formations in the roof as well as walls particularly stalactites formations. Another cave lies at the northern corner of the Dang Valley and is popularly known as Chamero Gufa. It can be reached in about four hours walk from Tulsipur. The name of this cave is attached with a flying mammal which are noticed everywhere within the cave.

Another equally interesting cave is on the slope of the Bandipur hill. This cave is 103 meter long and it can be reached after half an hour??s walk uphill from Bimaltar, a roadside shopping centre located on the bank of the Marshyangdi river on Prithvi Raj Marg Highway (Kathmandu) Pokhara road.

There is another sacred caves in Khembalung which are regarded holy both for the Hindus and Buddhists. This cave is located in Makalu ¨CBarun National Park and conservation area. It is situated in the Eastern Himalaya to the east of Sagarmatha National Park. The name of Makalu ¨CBarun National Park is derived from Mt. Makalu (8463 m) ¨Cthe world??s fifth highest peak at the northern borders of Nepal. The scared caves described above have images of gods and goddesses and so sacred for worship both by the Hindus and Buddhists.

Nepal is considered as the abode of Gods and so many ancient hermits or sages used to visit Nepal considering a scared place for meditation and penance in the strode of mighty Himalayan mountains. So they used caves as the sacred places for their meditation and stay around peaceful surroundings. These caves contain usually images or idols of various gods and goddesses and ancient materials used while worshipping. Except these materials used for worshipping, these caves have also contained mineralogical as well as geological substances which vividly find out the formation of rock systems. These caves should be fully explored and inventory to sum up in order to gain full knowledge of the formation of these caves.